One in four cowboys were African-American during the golden age of cowboys in the United States (for those of us not familiar with cowboy history, their “golden age” was during the second half of the 1800s).

Researching into nature we are pantheists, writing poetry we are polytheists, morally we are monotheists.

This is not the planes’ absolute ranges, but “combat ranges.” That is, how far the plane can fly, loiter over the target (usually for about 15 minutes) and return to base.

Land that Hungary views, even today, as rightfully Hungarian was partitioned in 1920 as part of the Treaty of Trianon, which ended World War I. Here’s a poster in Hungarian imaginatively creating similar partitions to the Entente powers (who wrote the treaty).

This is micro-seaweed from 1 billion years ago! That makes it the oldest known seaweed fossil (the previous-oldest was about 800 million years old). Named Proterocladus antiquus, they are barely visible without a microscope, at just 2 millimeters in length. That’s roughly the size of a flea.

You have almost certainly seen the artwork of Keith Haring. But you might not have realized it was made by him. Here’s a great little article to introduce you to this pop style artist who was everywhere in the 1980s.

The skulls of two juvenile duck-billed dinosaurs (Hypacrosaurus stebingeri), shelved after their discovery in the 1980s, have something that looks a lot like DNA. There are many tiny circular structures at the back – some linked together, others standing apart, frozen as they were when the animals fossilized. Several of these circles contained a dark material reminiscent of a nucleus, and others held tangled coils resembling chromosomes.

“I’m not even willing to call it DNA because I’m cautious, and I don’t want to overstate the results,” said the team’s molecular paleontologist Mary Schweitzer. “There is something in these cells that is chemically consistent with and responds like DNA.”

Doing some readings about the Indus River Valley Script’s famously undeciphered symbols got me curious. What other forms of writing – alphabets, syllabaries, even character systems – remain a mystery to this day?


During the renovation of Jambukeswarar Temple, a temple to Shiva in southern India, workers uncovered a sealed brass pot. The workers alerted local authorities after they opened the pot and discovered 505 gold coins. The temple is believed to have been built during the Chola Period around 200 CE.

The coins are currently being examined to determine how old they are, and when in the temple’s history they were hidden.

The word “quarantine” comes from the time of the Black Death in the Middle Ages, when ships in the port of Ragusa had to wait 40 days (quarantino) before being allowed to dock, to stop the plague. Did you know? –