The First Female Pharaoh

Merneith was an ancient Egyptian whose reign is dated to around 2970 BCE. When her tomb was discovered in Abydos in 1900, the discoverers claimed that “it can hardly be doubted that Merneith was a king”, until the realisation that ‘he’ was a ‘she’ saw her status switched to ‘queen’. Merneith’s name nonetheless appeared on a list of Egypt’s earliest pharaohs which was discovered in 1986.