WOMEN’S HISTORY ☈ ARTEMISIA I OF CARIA (flourished 480 BCE)
Artemisia I of Caria was the queen of Halicarnassus, located in what is now Turkey. During the Greco-Persian Wars, she sided with the Achaemenid Empire. Artemisia advised Xerxes not to take part in a naval battle against the Greeks, but she was overruled. The Battle of Salamis ended with a decisive Greek victory, but Artemisia escaped by attacking a Persian ship. After the battle, she advised Xerxes to retreat to Asia Minor and this time he took her advice.
A legend claims that Artemisia later committed suicide because of her unrequited love for a man named Dardanus. However, the truth is that no one actually knows when or how she died.