Col. Theodore Roosevelt leads the Rough Riders at the Battle of San Juan by W.G. Read
The Battle of San Juan Hill (July 1, 1868) was vital to America’s campaign against the city of Santiago de Cuba, where a considerable Spanish ground and naval presence resided. Legend holds Theodore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders as having a significantly greater contribution to the assault on the hill than they did in reality. However, they were one of the first groups to charge, suffered great casualties, and could be considered a fairly major reason for the Spanish loss. The result of this battle gave the Americans a position to fire down into and onto the city from, which surrendered under siege only several weeks later following the destruction of the Spanish fleet.