Category: 1941

View of the USS Maryland, Oklahoma, Tennessee,…

View of the USS Maryland, Oklahoma, Tennessee, West Virginia, and the masts of the USS Arizona from the ten-ten Dock south of Battleship Row, December 7, 1941, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

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Japanese aerial photo of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii …

Japanese aerial photo of Pearl Harbor, Hawaii during the attack on 7 Dec 1941. Note torpedo plumes rising from the battleships West Virginia and Oklahoma and smoke rising from the Ford Island seaplane base at right.

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The view from an Imperial Japanese Navy bomber…

The view from an Imperial Japanese Navy bomber during the attack on Pearl Harbor, December 7, 1941.

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US Sailors honor men killed during the Decembe…

US Sailors honor men killed during the December 7, 1941, Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Naval Air Station Kaneohe, and surrounding areas. The casualties had been buried on December 8. This ceremony took place “sometime during the following months.” US Navy photo.

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Ordnance on the destroyer USS Shaw explodes af…

Ordnance on the destroyer USS Shaw explodes after being hit by Japanese bombs during the attack of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941

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Women of the Auxiliary Fire Service, Merseysid…

Women of the Auxiliary Fire Service, Merseyside Fire Service, Liverpool , 1941.

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View looking down Battleship Row from Ford Isl…

View looking down Battleship Row from Ford Island Naval Air Station, shortly after the Japanese torpedo plane attack. Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, December 7, 1941

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“USS California (BB-44) is at left, listing to port after receiving two torpedo hits. In the center are USS Maryland (BB-46) with the capsized USS Oklahoma (BB-37) alongside. USS Neosho (AO-23) is at right, backing clear of the area. Most smoke is from USS Arizona (BB-39). Official U.S. Navy Photograph, now in the collections of the National Archives.”

Pvt. James R. Reaves, detailed to guard agains…

Pvt. James R. Reaves, detailed to guard against harm at the Merchants Bridge in St Louis, MO, remained at his post with bayonet fixed during an afternoon snowstorm on Dec. 11, 1941.

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Japanese Navy Lieutenant Ichiro Kitajima brief…

Japanese Navy Lieutenant Ichiro Kitajima briefs his Nakajima B5N2 Kate crews aboard the aircraft carrier Kaga about the plan for the attack on Pearl Harbor, December 6, 1941

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Lieutenant Ichiro Kitajima briefs the crews of Nakajima B5N2 Kate torpedo bombers on the aircraft carrier Kaga the day before their attack on the U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor. Kitajima stands on a chalk diagram of the U.S. naval base. The large rectangle at center is the airfield on Ford Island. The chalk lines show the proposed path of Kaga’s torpedo bombers in the attack.

On the morning of December 7, Kaga contributed 27 B5N2 Kates to the First Wave. Kitajima described the take off a difficult:

“The takeoff on that morning was very hard; the planes were too overloaded; the carrier rolled and pitched a good deal, and it was still too dark for a takeoff.”

Of Kaga’s B5N2s, 15 were armed with Type 99 Model 80-3 796.9kg bombs to conduct high-level bombing and 12 were armed with Type 91 torpedoes that weighted 1,847 pounds. One bomb-armed Kate had to abort the morning of the the attack, but the remaining 26 pressed on to Pearl Harbor. Kitajima personally led the torpedo bombers. Of Kaga’s 12 torpedo bombers, eight dropped their weapons against the battleships USS West Virginia, USS Oklahoma and USS Nevada, claiming eight hits. Five of these 12 torpedo bombers were shot down (The highest casualty rate of any carrier group). The horizontal bombers conducted their attacks against the battleships USS Maryland, USS Tennessee and USS Arizona, the vessels moored close to Ford Island.

Times Square During a President Franklin D. Ro…

Times Square During a President Franklin D. Roosevelt Speech Transmission, New York, 1941

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