Category: 1944

Omaha beach head, 3 days after D-Day. June 9, …

Omaha beach head, 3 days after D-Day. June 9, 1944.

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The photograph was taken three days after the Normandy beach head was established, on June 6, 1944, and shows the colossal scale of the operation to transport men and material for the liberation of Europe. The landing ships are putting cargo ashore on Omaha beach, taking advantage of the low tide. Among identifiable ships present are LST-532 (in the center of the view); USS LST-262 (3rd LST from right); USS LST-310 (2nd LST from right); USS LST-533 (partially visible at far right); and USS LST-524. The LST-262 was one of 10 Coast Guard-manned LSTs that participated in the invasion of Normandy.

Note barrage balloons overhead and army “half-track” convoy forming up on the beach. These balloons were tethered with metal cables and were intended to defend against dive bombers flying at heights up to 5,000 feet (1,500 m), forcing them to fly higher and into the range of concentrated anti-aircraft fire or make the aircraft collide with the cables. Some examples carried small explosive charges that would be pulled up against the aircraft to ensure its destruction.

The D-Day landing operation was the largest single-day amphibious invasion of all time, with 160,000 troops, 195,700 naval and merchant navy personnel and 5,000 ships being transplanted from the other side of the English Channel. Large concrete blocks, nicknamed Mulberry harbors, were sailed across the channel and used as portable docks. The landings took place along a 50-mile (80 km) stretch of the Normandy coast between Caen and Valognes, divided into five sectors: Utah, Omaha, Gold, Juno and Sword. The fighting on D-Day was so fierce that even today as much as 4% of the sand on Normandy beaches is magnetic shrapnel that has been broken down over the decades into sand-sized chunks.

The Allies failed to achieve any of their goals on the first day. Carentan, St. Lô, and Bayeux remained in German hands, and Caen, a major objective, was not captured until 21 July. Only two of the beaches (Juno and Gold) were linked on the first day, and all five beachheads were not connected until 12 June; however, the operation gained a foothold which the Allies gradually expanded over the coming months. German casualties on D-Day have been estimated at 4,000 to 9,000 men. Allied casualties were at least 10,000, with 4,414 confirmed dead.

Four members of the anti-fascist Italian women…

Four members of the anti-fascist Italian women’s resistance group “Gruppi di difesa della donna e per l’assistenza ai combattenti della libertà” near Casteluccio, Italy, 1944

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Yesterday's Print 2018-09-29 22:40:30

Rolling Back the Asphalt, Place Saint-Michel, photographed by

Robert Doisneau, 1944

The post appeared first on Yesterday's Print.

British actress Sheila Sim, 1944. Colourised.

British actress Sheila Sim, 1944. Colourised.

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‘Scarlett Beach Landing’ by Roy Ho…

‘Scarlett Beach Landing’ by Roy Hodgkinson, 1944

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‘After success against the Japanese in Papua, Australian forces continued with the difficult and protracted job of defeating the enemy on the island of New Guinea. In September 1943, during the Huon Peninsula campaign, Allied forces landed at Scarlett Beach near Finshhafen in the first opposed landing made by Australians since Gallipoli in 1915. Men of the 2/15th Battalion formed the second wave and landed under heavy fire but by the end of the day the Australians had secured their objectives.

Crayon and charcoal on paper, 1944, by Roy Hodgkinson.

usaac-official: 384th Bomb Group B-17s after …


384th Bomb Group B-17s after diverting to Boxted due to weather, 28 June 1944

A member of the 131st Field Artillery Battalio…

A member of the 131st Field Artillery Battalion loading a 105mm shell packed with D-ration chocolate bars for an infantry battalion cut off in the Belmont Sector, France, 29 Oct 1944. Add’l info in comments.

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The goodies packed inside the shell.

Two officers plant the American flag on Guam e…

Two officers plant the American flag on Guam eight minutes after Marines and Army assault troops landed on the island, July 20, 1944

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So, I’m reading the book at top. Has anyone read it? He’s a great author, I think. Anyway, I was reading about this Dutch submarine, the Zwaardvisch, she really encapsulates the global scale of World War II. So here is a Dutch submarine, whose Conning Tower is photo number 2. Her nation has been overrun by the Germans, yet she operated out of an Australian port, under American orders. On 5th October, 1944, the Zwaardvisch sank the German submarine U-168 (photo 3), in the Java Sea, South of Bawaen Island. The Germans has decided to close their base at Penang and were on their way home. A few days later, she sank the IJN Itsukushima, a minelayer. I think it’s really amazing the way all these different countries came together during the war. 

A crowd of people surround a weeping French wo…

A crowd of people surround a weeping French woman who had a romantic relationship with a German during the occupation. The Resistance shaved her head and then paraded her through the streets for citizens to mock and berate. Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône. 1944.

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Image captured by American photographer Carl Mydans.