British soldiers entering newly-liberated Lille, October 1918.
U.S Marines make final stand manning artillery guns at Bladensburg Maryland, on August 24, 1814. At this point, all militia on the field had routes leaving 100 Marines and 300 sailors to face off against 4,000 British soldiers and Marines. The Battle killed 10 – 23 American and 66 British soldiers.
Maryland Militiamen engage attacking British Regulars in musket to musket combat at the Battle of North Point, outside Baltimore, Maryland on September 12, 1814. By the end of the day 24 American and 42 British soldiers would be dead, including British General Robert Ross.
Major Gen. Maltby and Governor of Hong Kong, Sir Mark Aitchison Young discussing the arrangement of surrender of the British garrison in Hong Kong at Peninsula Hotel,25th December 1941
25th December 1941 saw the inevitable collapse of the British defences on Hong Kong island. Kowloon was completely lost on 14th December. The defenders faced an attacker more than triple of their size. They knew that there would not have been any support arriving but fought valiantly till the end. Canada also receive their first WW2 Victoria Cross in Hong Kong.
There are candles on the table because electricity was cut off at the hotel. The room was previously occupied by the defenders and acted as the HQ before Kowloon fell to Japanese hand.
Female SS torturers are supervised by British infanty burying the dead in a mass grave – Bergen Belsen Concentration Camp: 23rd April 1945
The females listed in this picture are named as;
Magdalene Kessel, Anneliese Kohlmann, Hildegard Kambach, Charlotte Pliquet, Frieda Walter, Ilse Förster & Elisabeth Volkenrath
Allied POWs at Stalag XI-B welcome British liberators from B Squadron 11th Hussars and the Reconnaissance Troop of the British 8th Hussars. April 16th, 1945.
ALFRED THE GREAT:
ALFRED the Great (r. 871-899 CE) was the king of Wessex in Britain but came to be known as King of the Anglo-Saxons after his military victories over Viking adversaries and later successful negotiations with them. He is the best-known Anglo-Saxon king in British history thanks to his biographer Asser (died c. 909 CE) and that work’s impact on later writers. Alfred’s epithet ‘the great’ was not given to him in his lifetime but centuries later when Asser’s work became more widely known and the significance of Alfred’s reign was more fully recognized. Even so, in his lifetime, Alfred was respected as a noble king who won the trust of his people for his reforms in education and law, and most notably, his leadership against the Viking threat.
The Vikings had begun their raids on Britain c. 793 CE and, by Alfred’s time, had established themselves throughout the land from Northumbria through Mercia with increasing incursions into Wessex. Alfred defeated the Viking leader Guthrum (died c. 890 CE) at the Battle of Eddington in 878 CE, after which he was able to deliver terms including the Christianization of Guthrum and his closest advisors, thus bridging the religious gap between the two peoples. Although this victory did not end Viking raids in Britain nor drive the Vikings back to Scandinavia, it allowed for a period of relative peace in which Alfred’s reforms could be implemented and take root.