Category: churchill

Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill meet to discu…

Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill meet to discuss the postwar re-establishment of the nations of Europe in Yalta, USSR; 1945

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Eisenhower, Churchill, and Bradley fire the ne…

Eisenhower, Churchill, and Bradley fire the new M1 carbine in England in 1944

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During an inspection tour of American troops General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Lieutenant General Omar N. Bradley take aim at a target 200 yards away. With 45 shots between them, they scored a total of 29 hits, using the Army’s new carbine. England, 1944

General Montgomery, with Yugoslavia’s Ki…

General Montgomery, with Yugoslavia’s King Peter II and Sir Winston Churchill in 1941

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Hudson Bay Company store covered with furs, Ch…

Hudson Bay Company store covered with furs, Churchill, Manitoba, circa 1906-09.

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Seated from left to right : Churchill, Rooseve…

Seated from left to right : Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin at the Yalta Conference, February 1945

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Young Winston Churchill in British Army Fourth Hussars uniform,…

Young Winston Churchill in British Army Fourth Hussars uniform, 1895 .

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A week before declaring war on Finland Winston Churchill sent…

A week before declaring war on Finland Winston Churchill sent this private letter to the commander-in-chief of the Finnish army, WW2, 1941,

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When Nazi-Germany began its’ attack against the Soviet Union, Finland joined forced with the nazis in an effort to regain territories which had been lost in the Winter War. Pressurized by the Soviet Union, England declared war on Finland on 6th of December 1941.

A week before declaring war, prime minister Winston Churchill sent this private letter to Mannerheim, commander-in-chief of the Finnish army.

Churchill’s full letter:

Personal, secret and private

I am deeply grieved at what I see coming, namely, that we shall be forced in a few days, out of loyalty to our ally Russia, to declare war upon Finland. If we do this, we shall make war also as opportunity serves. Surely your troops have advanced far enough for security during the war and could now halt and give leave. It is not necessary to make any public declaration, but simply leave off fighting and cease military operations, for which the severe winter affords every reason, and make a de facto exit from the war.

I wish I could convince Your Excellency that we are going to beat the Nazis. I feel far more confident than in 1917 or 1918. It would be most painful to the many friends of your country in England if Finland found herself in the dock with the guilty and defeated Nazis. My recollections of our pleasant talks and correspondence about the last war lead me to send this purely personal and private message for your consideration before it is too late.

November 29th, 1941

Mannerheim’s answer:

Yesterday I had the honour to receive through the American Minister in Helsinki your letter of November 29th, 1941, and I thank you for your kindness in sending me this private message. I am sure you will realize that it is impossible for me to halt the military operations at present being carried out before the troops have reached the positions which in my opinion will provide us with the necessary security. It would be deplorable if these measures undertaken for the safety of Finland should bring my country into conflict with England, and it would deeply sadden me if England felt herself forced to declare war on Finland. It was very good of you to send me a personal message in these critical days, and I appreciate it fully.

December 2nd, 1941

Despite the declaration war, there was no actual fighting between the two countries, except for the rather unsuccessfull bombing of Petsamo by England. Churchill once stated that the declaration of war against Finland was a
historic mistake which served no other purpose than satisfying the Soviet government.

Churchill with a Tommy Gun while touring near Hartlepool, UK …

Churchill with a Tommy Gun while touring near Hartlepool, UK July 31, 1940

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Young Winston Churchill in uniform, 1890s. via reddit

Young Winston Churchill in uniform, 1890s.

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Mr & Mrs Winston Churchill, T.E.Lawrence and Gertrude Bell…

Mr & Mrs Winston Churchill, T.E.Lawrence and Gertrude Bell on camels in front of the Sphinx. 15th February 1921

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