Category: finland

Embrace, Helsinki, Finland, 1983. Photographed by Pentti…

Embrace, Helsinki, Finland, 1983. Photographed by Pentti Sammallahti.

Candid photographs capture moments of Finnish youth in the…

Candid photographs capture moments of Finnish youth in the 1990s.

The Esplanade in Helsinki, Finland, 1906.

The Esplanade in Helsinki, Finland, 1906.

back-then:

back-then:

Anna-Lisa and her doll⁣
c. 1890-1910⁣

Photo: Sandberg, Gustav⁣
Source: Svenska litteratursällskapet i Finland⁣

Finnish soldier with a pack Reindeer. near the…

Finnish soldier with a pack Reindeer. near the village of Nautsi, northern Lapland, Finland on October 26, 1941.

via reddit

Helmet on a tree trunk in Taipale, Finland. Oc…

Helmet on a tree trunk in Taipale, Finland. October 1941.

via reddit

President Ståhlberg and his wife return to Hel…

President Ståhlberg and his wife return to Helsinki after being held hostage by far-right terrorists, Finland, 1930

via reddit

The Lapua Movement was a Finnish fascist movement, which was active between 1929 and 1932. They had a habit of kidnapping suspected socialists. The hostages were often beaten and humilitated, and at least three of them were killed.

Many members of the Lapua movement had fought against socialists in the Finnish Civil War. After the war President Ståhlberg had pardoned thousands of socialist rebels. Because of this, the Lapua movement considered him a socialist sympathizer.

On 14 October the retired president Ståhlberg went out for a morning walk with his wife Ester. They were ambushed by armed Lapua members, who forced the president into a car. Ester followed her husband willingly, despite his objections.

Late at night the kidnappers arrived in the Eastern Finnish town of Joensuu, where they were supposed to change cars. However, their co-conspirators never showed up. Finally they decided to release the hostages, and flee.

The next morning the Ståhlbergs returned to Helsinki. They were offered a private train, but the president insisted that he would take the normal morning train. The kidnappers tried to board the same train, but the Ståhlbergs recognized them, and they were arrested.

The train stations along the way to Helsinki were packed with people who had heard of the incident on the radio. All kinds of organizations, as well as numerous ordinary citizens, came to express their sympathies and offer flowers. In Helsinki the Ståhlbergs were welcomed by a crowd of 10 000 people. That’s when the photo was taken.

The kidnapping of Ståhlberg marked the beginning of the end for the Lapua movement. The Finnish public was both ashamed and horrified by this pointless act of lawlessness, and popular opinion turned against the fascists.

Finnish sniper Simo Häyhä in Loimola, Finland,…

Finnish sniper Simo Häyhä in Loimola, Finland, February 1, 1940

via reddit

Finnish minister who was sentenced to prison f…

Finnish minister who was sentenced to prison for “crimes against peace”, 1948, Finland

via reddit

In 1939 the Soviet Union launched an unprovoke invasion of Finland, starting the Winter War. They annexed 10% of Finland land area. In 1941 Finland allied with Nazi-Germany, and invaded the Soviet Union, starting the Continuation War. The Continuation War ended in 1944, in Soviet victory.

The victorius Soviet Union demanded that Finnish war-time leaders be punished. Unlike other nations that were declared guilty, Finland was allowed to conduct the trials in Finland with Finnish judges. However, the Soviet Union set up a committee to observe the trials, and interfered on numerous occasions. Most Finns considered the War Responsibility Trial a hypocritical form of victor’s justice. Finland was punished for invading the Soviet Union in 1941, but the Soviet Union received no punishment for invading Finland two years earlier.

The man in the photo is minister Väinö Tanner, a leading figure in the Social Democratic party of Finland. During the war he had worked hard to achieve peace between Finland and the Soviet Union. Despite this, the Soviet Union insisted that he be senteced to prison. They hoped that this would cause the Social Democratic party to shatter, thus opening the road to a Soviet controlled Communist party.

Finnish refugees on a train, WW2, 1941, Finlan…

Finnish refugees on a train, WW2, 1941, Finland

via reddit