Category: PBS

December 5, 1933: Prohibition Ends On this day…

December 5, 1933: Prohibition Ends

On this day in 1933, prohibition ended with the ratification of the 21st Amendment, which achieved the mandatory three-fourths majority of states’ approval with support from Utah, Pennsylvania, and Ohio.

Subsequently, the 18th Amendment was repealed after it was passed during the prohibition and temperance movements in the early 19th century. This activism initially stemmed from the concern about the effects of alcohol abuse.

Check out a video collection from Ken Burns’s Prohibition film to discover the rise and fall of the prohibition era.

Photo: Agents pour liquor into sewer following a raid ca. 1921 (Library of Congress).

December 4, 1969: Two Members of Black Panther…

December 4, 1969: Two Members of Black Panther Party Killed By Police

On this day in 1969, Black Panther members Fred Hampton and Mark Clark were killed by 14 police while sleeping in their apartments in Chicago, Illinois. The raid was led by Cook County State’s Attorney Edward Hanrahan as government attempts to weaken the Black Power movement. Hampton and Clark died at age 21 and 22, respectively.

Delve deeper into the Black Power movement with PBS Black Culture Connection’s special collection feature on the Civil Rights Movement (1954-1985).

Photo: Black Panther Convention, Lincoln Memorial circa 1970 (Library of Congress).