Category: tibet

The Peruvian Central Railway from Limma reached Chicla in 1878 (which sits at 12,444 feet above sea level) and La Oroya (12,287 ft) in 1893. But the highest point on the railway is actually
the Galera summit tunnel under Mount Meiggs at 4,783 m (15,692 ft), which was also built in 1893. It is no surprise that, historically, designated railway employee was on every train to provide oxygen in case passengers develop altitude sickness.

The Peruvian Central Railway was the highest railway point in the world until
Qinghai–Tibet Railway’s Tanggula tunnel was built 2006, which sits at an impressive 5,072 m (16,640 ft) above sea level.

Ritual axe decorated with skulls and crown motifs. The handle and axehead are glass, and the rest is gilded bronze. The axe was likely to cut through delusions or sever psychological attachments to the worldly life, allowing one to spiritually evolve.

From the town of Derge in the Kham region (today’s Tibet). 1500s – 1600s CE.

The Last Photo Taken of the Dalai Lama in an Independent Tibet, 1951, Photographer Heinrich Harrer

via reddit

historical-nonfiction:

Did you know Tibet once controlled an empire? It ruled the Himalayan highlands, Bengal, and

the modern Chinese provinces of Gansu and Yunnan from 618 CE to about 840 CE. Between the first and third emperor, their territory expanded eventually to the height shown in the map above. But difficulty of transportation and communication, and religious tensions due to the introduction of Buddhism in the early 700s CE, led to infighting which pitted the royal family against ancient noble families and supporters of the new religion.

The last two emperors were assassinated, one by pro-native religionists, one by a Buddhist hermit. Yes, a Buddhist assassinated an emperor. After the death of the tenth emperor, the Tibetan Empire disintegrated into civil war.

cris-yi: We call it “Tubo”

This comment made me go a little deeper, and you are right! The Chinese chroniclers called their western neighbor “Tubo.” This is often mispronounced as Turfan, which westerners may recognize. The Chinese had to call the new Tibetan state something, because the Tibetans established diplomatic relations with the Tang Dynasty, which was in power at the time.

The Tibetans themselves called their empire “Bod.” The Chinese heard this, and somehow derived a more-pronounceable-in-Chinese name, Tubo.

Did you know Tibet once controlled an empire? It ruled the Himalayan highlands, Bengal, and

the modern Chinese provinces of Gansu and Yunnan from 618 CE to about 840 CE. Between the first and third emperor, their territory expanded eventually to the height shown in the map above. But difficulty of transportation and communication, and religious tensions due to the introduction of Buddhism in the early 700s CE, led to infighting which pitted the royal family against ancient noble families and supporters of the new religion.

The last two emperors were assassinated, one by pro-native religionists, one by a Buddhist hermit. Yes, a Buddhist assassinated an emperor. After the death of the tenth emperor, the Tibetan Empire disintegrated into civil war.

New Castle News, Pennsylvania, January 31, 1929

The “Tibetan Book of the Dead,” from the 1300s, was a Buddhist funerary text. According to the book, the wicked dead are said to endure bodily tortures after death before being reborn into the next life. Spiritual reflection will show there is no need to fear, the book reassures its readers, “because, in truth, your body is a natural form of emptiness.”

March 17th 1959: Dalai Lama flees Tibet

On this day in 1959, Tenzin Gyatso – the fourteenth Dalai Lama, a central figure of Vajrayana Buddhism – fled Tibet for
India. He fled following the 1959 Tibetan uprising against Chinese rule
which broke out in the Tibetan capital of Lhasa, where the Dalai Lama
lived. Fearing for his safety, he and around twenty of his entourage fled
Lhasa on March 17th and embarked on a 15 day journey on foot over the
Himalayan mountains to Dharamsala in India where they had been
offered asylum. No news was heard of the Dalai Lama, and many feared their
spiritual and political leader had been killed during the arduous journey. However, on March 30th he
crossed into India and people learned that he was safe. He was followed
by around 80,000 Tibetans who settled in the same area of India,
leading to it becoming known as ‘Little Lhasa’. This place became the
home to the Tibetan government-in-exile. Tibet remains under Chinese
rule, and the Dalai Lama continues to try to find a peaceful negotiation
for Tibetan self rule.

March 17th 1959: Dalai Lama flees Tibet

On this day in 1959, Tenzin Gyatso – the fourteenth Dalai Lama, a central figure of Vajrayana Buddhism – fled Tibet for
India. He fled following the 1959 Tibetan uprising against Chinese rule
which broke out in the Tibetan capital of Lhasa, where the Dalai Lama
lived. Fearing for his safety, he and around twenty of his entourage fled
Lhasa on March 17th and embarked on a 15 day journey on foot over the
Himalayan mountains to Dharamsala in India where they had been
offered asylum. No news was heard of the Dalai Lama, and many feared their
spiritual and political leader had been killed during the arduous journey. However, on March 30th he
crossed into India and people learned that he was safe. He was followed
by around 80,000 Tibetans who settled in the same area of India,
leading to it becoming known as ‘Little Lhasa’. This place became the
home to the Tibetan government-in-exile. Tibet remains under Chinese
rule, and the Dalai Lama continues to try to find a peaceful negotiation
for Tibetan self rule.