Category: turkey

45 color pics capture street scenes of Istanbul in the early…

45 color pics capture street scenes of Istanbul in the early 1970s.

What Was The Neolithic Revolution?

The Neolithic Revolution, also known as the Agricultural Revolution, occurred about 12,000 years ago. For those, like me, who are not the best at math, that is around 10,000 BCE. There was a global trend away from nomadic hunting and gathering and towards sedentary farming. It appears to have arisen independently in multiple places in the Middle East, as well as in China and Papua New Guinea. Egypt and the Indus River Valley may have independently developed agriculture as well, or gotten the idea and the seeds from the Middle East or China.

Cereals, like barley in the Middle East and rice in China, were likely the first to be domesticated, eventually supplemented by protein-rice plants like peas and lentils. As people began to settle down they also domesticated animals. The earliest archaeological evidence of sheep and goat herding comes from around 10,000 BCE in the Iraq and Anatolia. Animals could be used as labor in the fields, or as sources of additional nutrients and calories to supplement the new cereal-heavy diet.

The Neolithic Revolution did not happen everywhere, and not all at once. And there remain a variety of hypotheses as to why humans stopped foraging and started farming. Population pressure may have caused increased competition for food and the need to cultivate new foods; people may have shifted to farming in order to involve elders and children in food production; humans may have learned to depend on plants they modified in early domestication attempts and in turn, those plants may have become dependent on humans. Whatever the reason, the Neolithic Revolution changed humanity – and our world – for good.

Regular

Did you know there was a Gallic chieftain’s wife who so impressed that Romans that they wrote her story – preserving her deeds and her name for posterity?

And she lived about 200 years before Boudicca.

Turkish Officer in a gas mask during the air p…

Turkish Officer in a gas mask during the air practice. WW2, Istanbul, Turkey, 1939

via reddit

World’s first female airfighter Sabiha G…

World’s first female airfighter Sabiha Gökçen with her airplane, 1930’s, Turkey.

via reddit

mostly-history: American Committee for Relief …

mostly-history:


American Committee for Relief in the Near East workers (Sivas,
Turkey).  Photo from the New York Times (December 7th,
1919).

Trams pass in front of the New Mosque in Eminö…

Trams pass in front of the New Mosque in Eminönü, Istanbul, Turkey

via reddit

Driver posing in front of her car. c.1930 Ista…

Driver posing in front of her car. c.1930 Istanbul/Turkey

via reddit

Woman giving flower to the soldiers which retu…

Woman giving flower to the soldiers which returned from Korean War, Turkey circa. 1952

via reddit

Oldest Smiley Face Found On Bronze Age Hittite…

The Hittite Empire held sway over much of Anatolia and modern Syria between ~1600 BCE and 1100 BCE. They are credited with starting the Iron Age in the Mediterranean region, and being the first in the region to use chariots for warfare. And now, they may be credited with inventing the smiley face!

A ceramic jug, dating to about 1,700 BCE,

was found during excavations at the Hittite city of Karkemish along the border of Turkey and Syria. When it was pieced back together, archaeologists were surprised to see a smiley face smiling back at them. It was used for drinking sherbet, a sweet drink commonly enjoyed in the Middle East as a dessert. Which supports the marks being a smile. With no other examples of such marks from that period, however, interpretations must be made cautiously.