Category: ur

Enantuma The Builder

Enantuma, the daughter of King Ishme-Dagan, was the high-priestess of Ur. Known as the entu, this position was often filled by the king’s daughter. What makes Enantuma special is her role as a builder: she is the only woman known to have authorized a major building project at Ur. Enantuma authorized the building of the Giparu, or “cloister” as it has been translated, south of the major ziggurat.

“Cloister” is a small word. It doesn’t convey how important the Giparu was. Not only did the Giparu house the residence of the high-priestess, it also housed important burial vaults, and the temple of Ningal, consort of the moon god.