Category: wales


CONWY Castle (aka Conway Castle), located in North Wales, was built by Edward I of England (r. 1272-1307 CE) from 1283 to 1292 CE to protect and maintain, along with several other castles, his newly acquired dominance in the region. Built on a rock promontory, the castle incorporated the latest defensive design features such as massive round towers, a double courtyard or bailey, and outer barbican defensive walls and towers. Conwy Castle is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

From 1272 CE Edward I, the new king of England, conquered most of Wales and joined it with the county system present in England. Following the death of Llywelyn, the Prince of Wales, in 1282 CE, the only part of Wales which remained free was the wild mountainous north and here the king built several major castles which included Caernarfon Castle, Harlech Castle, and Conwy Castle. Work began on Conwy Castle in March 1283 CE and would continue over that decade, the vast team of labourers, masons, and craftsmen being supervised by Master James of Saint Georges (c. 1235-1308 CE), the experienced architect and engineer who had previously built castles in Europe and who would be involved in many of Edward’s other Welsh castles.

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Bronze strap union (part of a chariot) from Nant-y-cafn in southern Wales (mid 1st century CE). This replica, based on an archaeological find, approximates what it would initially have looked like before it spent nearly 2,000 years in the dirt.

Young boy proudly showing off his new tricycle, Wales, 1910s.

St David’s, Pembrokeshire, Wales, July 1963.

Snowdon Summit, Wales, circa 1905.

‘Millennia of human activity’: heatwave reveals lost UK archaeological sites:

Ancient farms, burial mounds and neolithic monuments among fascinating finds in Britain and Ireland this summer.

The picture above shows prehistoric monuments and buildings found near Eynsham, in Oxfordshire. The prehistoric outlines have been revealed as crops shriveled in the unusual summmer drought.

50 rare photos that capture everyday life of Swansea, Wales in the mid-19th century.

A Battery Field Artillery, New South Wales – Tom Roberts

via reddit

The Prince of Wales motors past a cheering crowd in Aden, 1921.

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A recently rediscovered fragment of an abbot’s grave slab from North Wales may offer an unusual glimpse of a medieval personality. An archaeology analyzed the two-foot-long stone piece and found that it once lay atop the tomb of an abbot named Howel, who led an important Welsh abbey around 1300. The slab depicts Howel in realistic fashion—rare for the period—and wearing a broad smile.

Records suggest Howel was a power broker during the period and might have been seen as an important source of stability in the community.